Many centuries ago Modena was an etruscan centre and then a roman colony. In the late 1500 Modena knew its greatest splendor when it became the capital city of estensi's grand duchy, until 1800 when the french arrived and took the power replacing the old dinasty. from an artistic, architectural and historical point of view, the cathedral represent one of the most beautiful expression of the artistic and romanesque culture in Europe. It almost took 100 years tp achieve the substitution of the old cathedral of Modena.
Among the most important monuments we suggest you the " Torre dll'Orologio" bult in 1552 and restored in 1669 and the "Palazzo Comunale" built in 110 a.c. and anlarged in 1600. Also the "Archeological Civic Museum", "The medieval and modern art and hostoric civic Museum", "Estensi Musem and Gallery", "Mineralogy Museum", The Botanicalgarden and Herbarium, The Ghirladina Tower.